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The publisher would like to thank the following for their kind permission to reproduce photographs and extracts and adaptations of copyright material.

Cambridge English: Advanced Test A
The authors and publisher are grateful to those who have given permission to reproduce the following extracts and adaptations of copyright material:

Adapted extract from “Female chatterbox? It’s a myth and we can put a lid on it, say scientists” by Mark Henderson and Richard Mabey, The Times, 6 July 2007. Reproduced by permission of News Syndication.
Adapted extract from “Meet Joe Blog” by Lev Grossman, Time, 13 June 2004. © 2004 Time Inc. All rights reserved. Reprinted/Translated from TIME and Published with permission of Time Inc. Reproduction in any manner in any language in whole or in part without written permission is prohibited.
Adapted extract from “The Mystery of Easter Island” by Whitney Dangerfield, Smithsonian.com, 1 April 2007. Reproduced by permission of Whitney Dangerfield.
Adapted extract from “Preview: DMC World Mixing Championships and Sub Space” by Nick Green and Marc Rowlands, The Guardian, 4 September 2004. Copyright Guardian News and Media Ltd 2004. Reproduced by permission.

The publisher would like to thank the following for permission to reproduce photographs: Alamy Images (Easter Island/Dennis Cox), (Teacher and students in class/Andrew Fox); Corbis (F1 driver signs autographs/Sutton Images/Tom Boland); Getty Images (Coach with soccer team/Kiriko Shirobayashi/Stone); OUP (Music festival/John Kershaw), (Doctor and patient/Image Source), (Greeting grandparents/Photodisc); Shutterstock (Woman with laptop/taramara78), (Handshake/Konstantin Chagin).

Although every effort has been made to trace and contact copyright holders before publication, this has not been possible in some cases. We apologize for any apparent infringement of copyright and if notified, the publisher will be pleased to rectify any errors or omissions at the earliest opportunity.

Cambridge English: Advanced Test B
The authors and publisher are grateful to those who have given permission to reproduce the following extracts and adaptations of copyright material:

Adapted extract from “Ping!” by Andrew Shanahan, The Guardian, 11 July 2007. Copyright Guardian News and Media Ltd 2007. Reproduced by permission.
Adapted extract from “Let there be light” by Jennie Erdal, The Guardian, 28 April 2007. Copyright Guardian News and Media Ltd 2007. Reproduced by permission.
Adapted extract from “Journey to the heart of nature” by James Owen, The Telegraph, accessed 22 October 2007. © Telegraph Media Group Limited 2007. Reproduced by permission.
Adapted extracts from www.orpheus.org.uk. Reproduced by permission of The Orpheus Centre.
Adapted extract from www.travellersworldwide.com, accessed in 2007. Reproduced by permission of Travellers Worldwide.

The publisher would like to thank the following for permission to reproduce photographs: Alamy Images (Translator at work/Photofusion Picture Library), (Shark tank at aquarium/Camera Lucida); Corbis (Tuatara on rock/Frans Lanting), (School teacher in Tanzania/Hugh Sitton); Getty Images (Meet the Press/Alex Wong/Getty Images for Meet the Press), (School class/Britt Erlanson/The Image Bank); OUP (Clothes shopping/Brand X Pictures), (Family camping trip/UpperCut); Shutterstock (Visiting hospital patient/Monkey Business Images).

Although every effort has been made to trace and contact copyright holders before publication, this has not been possible in some cases. We apologize for any apparent infringement of copyright and if notified, the publisher will be pleased to rectify any errors or omissions at the earliest opportunity.

Cambridge English: Advanced Test C
The authors and publisher are grateful to those who have given permission to reproduce the following extracts and adaptations of copyright material:
Adapted extract from “The only bad review is one whose writing is soggy” by Adam Mars-Jones, www.theguardian.com, 10 February 2012. Copyright Guardian News & Media Ltd 2012. Reproduced by permission.

The publisher would like to thank the following for permission to reproduce photographs: Alamy Images (Marathon runner/greceinvision), (Tennis instructor/ableimages); OU (Man studying in library/Cultura), (Confident businessman/Digital Vision), (Lab technician/Kristoher Grunert); Shutterstock (Clown entertaining children at arty/Monkey Business Images).

Cambridge English: First Test A
The authors and publisher are grateful to those who have given permission to reproduce the following extracts and adaptations of copyright material:

Adapted extract from “On the move: Lewis Hamilton” by Joseph Dunn, The Sunday Times, 8 July 2007. Reproduced by permission of News Syndication.
Adapted extract from “Ethical living: Is it OK … to use a mobile phone?” by Leo Hickman, The Guardian, 27 June 2006. Copyright Guardian News & Media Ltd 2006.
Adapted extract from “Our accommodation facilities,” www.yha.org.uk, accessed in 2006. Reproduced by permission of YHA (England and Wales).
Adapted extract from “Do it 4 Real,” www.doit4real.co.uk, accessed in 2007. Reproduced by permission of YHA (England and Wales).

The publisher would like to thank the following for permission to reproduce photographs: Alamy Images (Clothing market stall/Tor Eigeland); Corbis (F1 driver Lewis Hamilton/Gero Breloer/epa); OUP (Girl with mobile phone), (Waiter at table/Photodisc), (Couple in diner/Brand X Pictures), (Women clothes shopping/Design Pics).

Although every effort has been made to trace and contact copyright holders before publication, this has not been possible in some cases. We apologize for any apparent infringement of copyright and if notified, the publisher will be pleased to rectify any errors or omissions at the earliest opportunity.

Cambridge English: First Test B
The authors and publisher are grateful to those who have given permission to reproduce the following extracts and adaptations of copyright material:

Adapted extract from “Nicci Gerrard falls fast asleep” by Nicci Gerrard, The Observer, 26 December 1999. Copyright Guardian News & Media Ltd 1999.
Adapted extract from “Family: Meet the great greats” by Simon Rogers, The Guardian, 16 June 2007. Copyright Guardian News & Media Ltd 2007.

The publisher would like to thank the following for permission to reproduce photographs: Alamy Images (Four generations of family/superclic), (Ballroom dance/David Hancock), (Ministry of Sound, London, 2000/PYMCA); Getty Images (Rollercoaster/Frederic J. Brown/AFP), (Hikers/Hans Neleman/Taxi); OUP (Man sleeping/Niamh Baldock).

Although every effort has been made to trace and contact copyright holders before publication, this has not been possible in some cases. We apologize for any apparent infringement of copyright and if notified, the publisher will be pleased to rectify any errors or omissions at the earliest opportunity.

Cambridge English: First Test C
Text adapted from original article “Easy on the Mayo” by Steve Turner published in Radio Times magazine © Immediate Media Company Bristol Ltd.
Adapted extract from “My new home…is a zoo!” by Marianne Kavanagh, Woman’s Weekly, 10 June 2008. © IPC+ Syndication. Reproduced by permission of IPC Media Limited.
Adapted extract from Eyewitness Companions: Astronomy by Ian Ridpath (Dorling Kindersley, 2006). Copyright © Dorling Kindersley Limited. Text copyright © 2006, Ian Ridpath and Dorling Kindersley.
Adapted extract from “The men in their lives – Bob Crow” by Bob Crow, www.independent.co.uk, 13 June 2008. Reproduced by permission of The Independent.
Extract from “Calling the shots” by Philip Barnard, Young Performer, July 2008. Reproduced by permission of Stagecoach Theatre Arts Ltd.
Extract from “Wish you were there? QE2” by Bill Fyfe Hendrie, Saga Magazine, March 2003. Reproduced by permission of Acromas Holdings & Saga Group.

Although every effort has been made to trace and contact copyright holders before publication, this has not been possible in some cases. We apologize for any apparent infringement of copyright and if notified, the publisher will be pleased to rectify any errors or omissions at the earliest opportunity.

Cambridge English: Key for Schools Practice Tests
The publisher would like to thank the following for their kind permission to reproduce photographs:
Alamy Images p44 (three girls/Ace Stock Limited); Getty Images pp46 (Lumiere Cinematographe no 8, 1896/Science & Society Picture Library), 62 (three boys/Digital Vision), 64 (Pouring salt on french fries/Photodisc); OUP p10 (dolphins/Corel).

Commissioned illustrations by: Joanna Kerr

Cambridge English: Flyers
Flyers Test 1 – Illustrations by Russ Daff/Beehive Illustration
Flyers Test 2 – Illustrations by Russ Daff/Beehive Illustration

Cambridge English: Movers
Movers Test 1 – Illustrations by Sean Parkes/Beehive Illustration
Movers Test 2 – Illustrations by Sean Parkes/Beehive Illustration

Cambridge English: Starters
Starters Test 1 – Illustrations by Dusan Pavlik/Beehive Illustration
Starters Test 2 – Illustrations by Dusan Pavlik/Beehive Illustration

Czech Maturita Vyšší (B2) Test A
Alamy Images 4.3 (Pavel Nedved/Associated Sports Photography), 4.3 (Jaromir Jagr/Vova Pomortzeff); Getty Images 4.3 (Jan Zelezny/Jakub Sukup/AFP); OUP 4.2 (underground/Dominic Harrison), 4.2 (driver/Digital Vision); Richard Ponsford 2.1 (flags)

Czech Maturita Vyšší (B2) Test 1
Alamy Images sect4.2.01 (brushing teeth/Mode Images Limited), sect4.2.02 (toothache/Bubbles Photolibrary), sect4.3.01 (Franz Kafka statue/Lebrecht Music and Arts Photo Library), sect4.3.02 (Jaroslav Hasek by Josef Lada), sect4.3.03 (plaque/Peter Erik Forsberg/Prague).

Czech Maturita Základní (B1) Test A
Alamy Images 4.2 (People shopping/Pitu Cau), 4.3 (Family at Christmas/Chad Ehlers); OUP 1.1 (Bearded man/Photodisc), 1.1 (Stressed man/Digital Vision), 1.1 (Happy man/Andres Rodriguez), 1.1 (Bag/Stephen Hawkins), 1.1 (Paris cityscape/Photodisc), 1.1 (MP3 player/Photodisc), 4.2 (Friends playing football/AFLO RF), 4.3 (Man giving girlfriend flowers/Digital Vision), 4.3 (Easter eggs/Good Shoot); Richard Ponsford 1.1 (film posters), 1.1 (train signs)

Czech Maturita Základní (B1) Test 1
Alamy Images sect 4.2.01 (recycling/Angela Hampton Picture Library), sect 4.3.04 (girl in kitchen/Visage), sect4.2.02 (playground/Sally & Richard Greenhill), sect4.3.02 (typing/Art Directors & TRIP), OUP sect1.1.07 (Policewoman/CS-Stock), sect1.1.09 (teacher/Image Source), sect1.1.09 (nurse/Photodisc), sect1.1.10 (prom/Polka Dot Images), sect4.3.02 (girl with phone/Creatas), sect4.3.03 (dancing/Photodisc).

Egzamin Gimnazjum Zestaw 1 (Poland)
OUP (friends/Chris King)

Egzamin Gimnazjum Zestaw A (Poland)
OUP (class/Photodisc), (driving/Photodisc), (restaurant/Photodisc), (pilot/image100), (doctor/Image Source), (birthday girl/Haddon Davies), (New York/Photodisc).

Érettségi emelt szint (B2) Test A (Hungary)
OUP 5.3 (Petrol station/David De Lossy/Photodisc); Photolibrary 5.3 (Charging electric car/Nancy Honey/Cultura).

Érettségi emelt szint (B2) Test 1 (Hungary)
OUP sect5.101 (man shopping/UpperCut), sect5.102 (shopping online/BananaStock).

Érettségi középszint (B1) Test A (Hungary)
OUP 5.3 (Inside underground train/Dominic Harrison), 5.3 (Traffic jam/Digital Vision).

Érettségi középszint (B1) Test 1 (Hungary)
OUP sect5.301 (beach/Photodisc), sect5.302 (walkers/Image Source).

Foundation IELTS Online Practice

The authors and publisher are grateful to those who have given permission to reproduce the following extracts and adaptations of copyright material:

Adapted extract from “The Zero-to-Three Debate” by Sarah Moughty, Frontline: Inside the Teenage Brain website. ( http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/shows/teenbrain/science/zero.html) © 1995-2014 WGBH Educational Foundation.
Figure from “Long-Term International Migration Estimates table 2.09”, Office for National Statistics. © Crown copyright 2014. Licensed under the Open Government Licence v.2.0.
Graph “Emergency Department Attendances – England 1987 - 2011” by the Health and Social Care Information Centre. Copyright © 2013, Re-used with the permission of the Health and Social Care Information Centre. All rights reserved.
Graph from Women and Men in the Public Sector by Jeff Hayes (September 2011). Reproduced by permission of Institute for Women’s Policy Research.
Adapted extract from “Were the pyramids built INSIDE OUT? Engineer claims ancient Egyptians built burial chamber first and then worked outwards” by Victoria Woollaston, Mail Online, 19 December 2013. Reproduced by permission of Solo Syndication.

Sources:
http://firstmonday.org
http://news.nationalgeographic.com
www.bbc.co.uk/news

Although every effort has been made to trace and contact copyright holders before publication, this has not been possible in some cases. We apologize for any apparent infringement of copyright and if notified, the publisher will be pleased to rectify any errors or omissions at the earliest opportunity.

The publisher would like to thank the following for permission to reproduce photographs: Alamy Images (Lion enclosure at Longleat/Adrian Sherratt), (Soap factory/age fotostock Spain, S.L.); Corbis (Earthquake damage/Ivan Alvarado/Reuters); Shutterstock (Woman in supermarket/AntonioDiaz), (Orchestra/Ferenc Szelepcsenyi), (Woman and child reading book/DmitriMaruta), (Jogging/Maridav), (Corn/smereka), (Penguins/bikeriderlondon), (Salt flat/Andrey Gontarev), (Times Square, New York/Marco Rubino), (Baby wearing headphones/nikkos), (Medicine/r.classen), (Dry land/oticki), (Scientists/Matej Kastelic).

Illustrations by: Oxford Designers and Illustrators

Got it! Online Skills Practice (OET platform)
Artwork acknowledgements for all levels
Starter A
The publishers would like to thank the following for their permission to reproduce photographs: Oxford University Press unit 1 (girl studying/Photodisc), (boy holding basketball/Blend Images), unit 2 (boy next to locker/Image Source), (conversation/Gareth Boden), Got it? A (interview in street/Chris King), unit 3 (playing guitar/Chris King), unit 4 (girl in bedroom/Tetra Images), (house/philipus), Got it? B (living room/Corbis/Floresco Productions), (family/Juice Images); Rex Features unit 3 (David Beckham and family/Humberto Carreno/Startraks Photo).
Video: Produced and directed by Jody Small, JS Productions; Sound dub by Steve Longman; Graphics by Graham Young, GY Graphics.

Starter B
The publishers would like to thank the following for their permission to reproduce photographs: Oxford University Press unit 5 (at school/Somos), (playing videogames/Pixland), unit 6 (football/Photodisc), (volleyball/Photodisc), Got it? C (tennis/Corbis), unit 7 (students on campus/Moodboard), unit 8 (boy using phone/Stockbroker), (London Eye/Jon Arnold Images), listening (homework/Comstock), Got it? D (mountain biking/Creatas/Comstock).
Video: Produced and directed by Jody Small, JS Productions; Sound dub by Steve Longman; Graphics by Graham Young, GY Graphics.

Level 1 A
The publishers would like to thank the following for their permission to reproduce photographs: Alamy unit 2 (Bob Marley/Pictorial Press Ltd); Bridgeman Art Library unit 3 (The Boston Tea Party, English School, (20th century)/Private Collection, © Look and Learn); Corbis unit 2 (Don Omar/Claudio Reyes/epa); Oxford University Press unit 1 (skateboarding/Photodisc), (milkshake/Design Pics), Got it? A (smiling young man/Dinodia Images), unit 4 (1 - teenage boy/Image Source), (2 - laughing girl/Photodisc), (3 - teenage girl/Image Source), (4 - teenage boy/Image Source), (5 - boy and girl/Bananastock), (reel and clapperboard/Tetra Images), Got it? B (teenage boy/Steve Skjold), (woman eating popcorn/Creatas).
Video: Produced and directed by Jody Small, JS Productions; Sound dub by Steve Longman; Graphics by Graham Young, GY Graphics.

Level 1 B
The publishers would like to thank the following for their permission to reproduce photographs: Oxford University Press unit 5 (London underground/Eric Nathan), (basketball/Photodisc), unit 6 (Chinese food/Sylvain Grandadam), (Thanksgiving dinner/White), Got it? C (eating burger/Stockbyte), unit 7 (Seattle skyline/Photodisc), (plane landing/Fuse), (train/Digital Vision), unit 8 (fall in Maine/Photodisc), (celebrating with trophy/Image Source), (watching scary film/Moodboard), Got it? D (rollercoaster/Digital Vision).
Video: Produced and directed by Jody Small, JS Productions; Sound dub by Steve Longman; Graphics by Graham Young, GY Graphics.

Level 2 A
The publishers would like to thank the following for their permission to reproduce photographs: Oxford University Press unit 1 (boy with dogs/Brand X Pictures), (lottery ticket/Bananastock), (bike at night/Photodisc), (boy mountain biking/Thinkstock), (man on phone in car/Digital Vision), (zookeeper/Photodisc), unit 2 (farm/Brand X Pictures), (playing football/AFLO RF), Got it? A (friends laughing/Image Source), (housework/Mark Debnam/Digital Vision), unit 3 (fashion designer/Image Source), unit 4 (hurricane/Purestock), Got it? B (weather forecast/Stockbyte); Rex Features unit 3 (Notting Hill Carnival/Paul Brown).
Video: Produced and directed by Jody Small, JS Productions; Sound dub by Steve Longman; Graphics by Graham Young, GY Graphics.

Level 2 B
The publishers would like to thank the following for their permission to reproduce photographs: Alamy unit 8 (snow bike/Chris McLennan); Bridgeman Art Library unit 7 (The washing room below decks - condemned trade unionists being transported to Australia, illustrated in 'The Martyrs of Tolpuddle', published by Trades Union Congress, 1834 (litho) (b/w photo), English School, (19th century) / Private Collection / The Stapleton Collection); The Kobal Collection (King Kong (1933)/RKO). Oxford University Press unit 5 (diver with camera/Image 100), (Mount Fuji/Photodisc), unit 6 (Oxford college/Digital Vision), Got it? C (scuba diver/Jeffrey Warrington), unit 7 (shoplifter and police officer/Photodisc), unit 8 (flag of South Africa/EyeWire), Got It? D (crime scene/Uppercut); Science Photo Library (computerised clothing/Philippe Psaila).
Video: Produced and directed by Jody Small, JS Productions; Sound dub by Steve Longman; Graphics by Graham Young, GY Graphics.

Level 3 A
The publishers would like to thank the following for their permission to reproduce photographs: Bridgeman Art Library unit 2 (Factory Children, or Love conquerd fear!, illustration from 'Michael Armstrong: Factory Boy' by Frances Trollope, published in 1840 (engraving) (b&w photo), English School, (19th century) / Private Collection); Oxford University Press unit 1 (husky dogs/Comstock), (Colloseum/Photodisc), Got it? A (taking photo/Photodisc), (‘no mobile phones’ sign/Martin Diebel), unit 3 (tablets/Stockbyte), unit 4 (rollercoaster/Digital Vision), Got it? B (waiting on platform/Radius Images).
Video: Produced and directed by Jody Small, JS Productions; Sound dub by Steve Longman; Graphics by Graham Young, GY Graphics.

Level 3 B
The publishers would like to thank the following for their permission to reproduce photographs: Alamy Got it? C (Amelia Earhart/Pictorial Press Ltd); Oxford University Press unit 5 (hearts/Image Source), (US flag and party horn/Photodisc), unit 6 (lightning/Photodisc), Got it? C (teenagers with balloons/PhotoAlto), unit 7 (Panama Canal/Photodisc), (teenager using laptop/White), unit 8 (interview), Got it? D (Eiffel Tower/Image Source).
Illustrations by: Jon Haslam (unit 6).
Video: Produced and directed by Jody Small, JS Productions; Sound dub by Steve Longman; Graphics by Graham Young, GY Graphics.

New English File Elementary Online skills practice
The authors and publisher are grateful to those who have given permission to reproduce the following extract and adaptation of copyright material:

File 7, Reading, adapted from ‘Make Ice Cream in a Bag’ from Allrecipes.com, www.allrecipes.com. Reproduced by kind permission.

The publishers would like to thank the following for their kind permission to reproduce copyright material:

Alamy Images (commuter/UK Stock Images Ltd), (Man with briefcase/Johner Images), (Radio station/Eddie Gerald), (Audience at Proms/Guy Bell), (Traditional Czech food/Chris Fredriksson), (Sailing/Tim Jones), (Business people/Profimedia International s.r.o.), (Dinosaur exhibit/ImageState), (Woman with laptop/Wavebreak Media Ltd), (Rain shower at hotel/Steve Porter), (Paella/SoFood), (Mountain rescue team/Ashley Cooper), (Teen friends sitting on rock wall/OJO Images), (Books and man by sea/Juice Images); Corbis (Three men in a disco/ImageShop); Getty Images (Lost property office/Eg Project/Photonica), (Man singing/www.anacuba.com/Flickr), (Woman having drink/Peter Cade/Iconica), (Man with microphone/Apostrophe Productions), (Will Smith/Kevin Winter/Getty Images for AFI), (Keyboard with shopping cart key/Bob Handelman), (Design for a Two-Wheeled Hoist with a Caged Gear/original copy in the Biblioteca Ambrosiana, Milan, 1503/4-07/Leonardo da Vinci/The Bridgeman Art Library), (Girl eating ice cream/Stephanie Howard), (Family at dinner table/Jose Luis Pelaez), (Lake Eola, Florida/Don Klumpp); Kobal Collection (The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring/New Line/Saul Zaentz/Wing Nut); OUP (man/Valueline), (big wheel/Photodisc), (stressed woman/Image Source), (Male nurse/Digital Vision), (Shakespeare play/Stan Fellerman), (Judge/Tim Pannell/Corbis), (Teacher handing out assignments/Corbis), (Guitar/Photodisc), (Piano keys/Brand X Pictures), (Drunk kit/Photospin, Inc), (Electric guitar/Tetra Images), (Woman wearing bandana/Image Source), (Jeweller's window/Ingram), (Couple in restaurant/Photodisc), (Burger and chips/Ingram), (Cheese sandwich/Barbara Ayrapetyan), (School bus/Erick Nguyen), (Taxis in New York/image100), (Tube train interior/Stockbyte), (Writing/image100), (elemspeaking/file1/01), (Playing games console/Imageshop), (Man cooking/Photodisc), (Portrait of young man/John-Patrick Morarescu), (Group of friends/Gareth Boden); Photolibrary (Woman with handbag/Image Source), (College student at bulletin board/Alix Minde/Photoalto), (Woman playing electric guitar/Antenna/fStop), (Couple toasting with champagne/OJO Images), (Couple reading travel book/Photodisc/White), (People at dance club/Erik Isakson/Tetra Images), (Colleagues by office water cooler/Photodisc/White), (Waiter serving champagne/Corbis), (Graduation/Stockbrokerxtra Images); PunchStock (Man with laptop/Digital Vision), (Woman carrying baguettes/Digital Vision), (Well-dressed couple/PhotoAlto Agency), (Stack of books/Brand X Pictures), (Man frowning/Image Source), (Mother and daughter in cinema/Image Source).

New English File Pre-intermediate Online skills practice
The publishers would like to thank the following for their kind permission to reproduce copyright material:

Alamy Images (Gecko lizard/F.Bettex_Mysterra.org), (Newspaper/Dennis MacDonald), (Pizza/Martin Bennett), (Boy cleaning cooker/sciencephotos), (Women in cafe/Profimedia International s.r.o.), (Crow/F1online digitale Bildagentur GmbH), (Loch an Eilein, Scotland/David Gowans), (Kittens/John White Photos), (Cardiff University/foto-zone:buildings), (Schoolboys/Imagestate Media Partners Limited - Impact Photos), (Mermaid Fountain, Warsaw/Gavin Hellier), (Friends having dinner/First Light), (Crazy inventor/Andrey Burmakin); Corbis (Woman looking out of window/Jim Craigmyle), (Santorini, Greece/Ron Watts/First Light), (Crowd cheering/Gary Houlder), (Ice sculptures in the shape of humans/Tobias Schwarz/Reuters); Getty Images (Crocodile/Andrew Holt/Photographer's Choice), (Marina and the Diamonds performs at the Isle Of Wight Festival/Matt Kent/WireImage), (Woman sleeping/Charles Gullung/Photonica), (Meg the lion swims with trainer/Zoom Multimedia/Barcroft Media), (Waitress serving restaurant table/Andersen Ross), (Tired businessman/Paul Simcock/Iconica); OUP (Man with coffee/Gareth Boden), (Portrait of man/Comstock), (Woman beside lake/Photodisc), (Airport/Glowimages), (Shuttlecock/Photodisc), (Squash/Image Source), (Swimming/Photodisc), (Tennis ball/Stockbyte), (Volleyball/Photodisc), (Golf ball near hole/Glowimages), (Cycle race/Photodisc), (Basketball in net/Ingram), (Rugby/Photodisc), (Football match/Score by Aflo), (Athlete crossing finish line/Moodboard), (Football players legs/Photodisc), (Remote control/Stockbyte), (Couple talking on train/Blend Images), (Mature woman/Photodisc), (Girl studying/Image Source), (Clown/Photodisc), (Apple on tree/Photodisc), (Violinist/Tetra Images), (Golfers discussing scores/Image Source), (Group of students/Goodshoot), (Departures board/Photodisc), (Young woman with backpack/PhotoAlto), (London/Jan Tadeusz), (Tired woman/BananaStock); Photolibrary (Woman in a gym/Klaus Tiedge/Fancy), (Student in class taking notes/MBI Ltd/Stockbroker); PunchStock (Portrait of senior man/Digital Vision), (Historic street in Gamla Stan, Stockholm/Photographer's Choice); Rex Features (Group of high school students/Kelly Redinger/Design Pics Inc.).

New English File Intermediate Online skills practice

The authors and publisher are grateful to those who have given permission to reproduce the following extracts and adaptations of copyright material:

File 1 Adapted from a review of Dans Le Noir by Melissa Harrison, 2 March 2006, from www.viewlondon.co.uk. Reproduced by kind permission of View London.
File 2 Adapted from ‘The world’s 10 weirdest currencies’ by Jay MacDonald, from www.creditcards.com© CreditCards.com, all rights reserved. Reproduced by kind permission.
File 3 Adapted from ‘The secret to… a successful job interview’ by Graham Snowdon, 25 January 2011, from Guardian.co.uk. Copyright Guardian News & Media Ltd 2011. Reproduced by permission.
File 4 Adapted from ‘Spotted someone you fancy in the library? Confess your crush on Fitfinder’ by Sam Wolfson, 28 April 2010, from Guardian.co.uk. Copyright Guardian News & Media Ltd 2010. Reproduced by permission.
File 5 Adapted from ‘House husbands: Are you man enough?’ by Casilda Grigg, 12 February 2009, from The Telegraph © Telegraph Media Group Limited 2009.
File 6 Adapted from ‘Meet the Freecyclers’, 15 June 2008, from The Observer. Copyright Guardian News & Media Ltd 2008. Reproduced by permission.
File 7 Adapted from ‘How to Quit Watching TV’ from www.wikihow.com. See list of authors at http://www.wikihow.com/Quit-Watching-TV. Content on wikiHow can be shared under a Creative Commons License.

The publishers would like to thank the following for their kind permission to reproduce copyright material:

Alamy Images (Graduation/Hugh Nutt), (Music hall/Barry Lewis), (Narrow boat/John Cairns), (Breakfast outside camper van/fotoshoot), (Race/Eileen Langsley Sport), (1959 Formula One racing car/Mark Scheuern), (Boeing A75N1 Stearman/Chris Mattison), (Teacher at white board/Jeff Morgan 14), (Book spines/ICP), (Freecycle Website Recycling Site/Art Directors & TRIP), (TV in chains/face to face Bildagentur GmbH), (Television studio/Keith Morris); Corbis p (Historic stone money bank/Michele Falzone/JAI); Getty Images (Angry young man/Peter Dazeley/Photographer's Choice), (Dinner party/Shelby Ross/Riser), (man using a palmtop/Michael Philip O'Malley/Flickr), (Wood carver/Andreas Kuehn/Riser), (Father holding baby and vacuuming/Sarma Ozols/The Image Bank), (Bar snacks/Slow Images/Photographer's Choice); OUP (Passengers on public transport/White), (Wedding/Digital Vision), (Fishing/Photodisc), (Surfing/Purestock), (Hiking/Photodisc), (Birthday celebration/Photodisc), (Lighthouse/Corel), (Oil rig/Photodisc), (Thatched cottage/Peter Evans), (Mobile home/Mark Richardson), (Chemistry lab/Photodisc), (Man playing guitar/Stockbyte), (Pottery making/Richard Gross/Corbis), (Winning a race/Moodboard), (Business meeting/Digital Vision), (Woman in taxi/Photodisc), (Portrait of young woman/Gareth Boden), (Friends talking/Laurence Mouton/PhotoAlto), (Teacher marking papers/Ingram), (Woman shopping/Corbis), (Relaxing at home/Image Source), (Woman with suitcase/Gareth Boden), (Writing/image100), (Man on sailboat/Photodisc), (Village/Adrian Sherratt), (Directors chair and clapperboard/Stockdisc), (http web address); Photolibrary (Couple toasting at restaurant/UpperCut Images), (Playing piano/Michele Constantini), (Teens in library/Image Source); Press Association Images p (BBC Sports presenter Steve Rider/David Davies/PA Archive); PunchStock p (Woman ironing/Photodisc); Rex Features (Aviator Amy Johnson/Daily Mail), (The 'Dans le Noir' Restaurant/Paul Cooper).

New English File Upper-intermediate Online skills practice

The authors and publisher are grateful to those who have given permission to reproduce the following extracts and adaptations of copyright material:

File 1 Extracts from ‘First Aid: What to Keep in Your Travel Kit’ from www.safetravel.co.uk. Reproduced by kind permission.
File 2 Extract from Neither here, Nor there by Bill Bryson. Copyright © 1991 Bill Bryson Published by Black Swan. Reprinted by permission of The Random House Group Ltd, HarperCollins Publishers, USA, and Doubleday Canada.
File 3 Extracts from Does Weather Really Affect Our Mood? ‘How to protect your brain from the winter blahs’ by Rich Maloof for MSN Health & Fitness. All rights reserved. Reproduced by kind permission.
File 4 Extracts from ‘Man On Wire – Philippe Petit interview’ by Rob Carnevale are kindly supplied by IndieLondon.co.uk.
File 5 Extract from ‘Paul Hoggart: The World’s Greatest Musical Prodigies’ by Paul Hoggart, 27 May 2009, from The Telegraph. © Telegraph Media Group Limited 2009. Reproduced by permission.
File 6 Adapted from ‘Which are the 5 Best Cities to Live and Work in Abroad?’ by Rhiannon Davies, 31 May 2010, from www.shelteroffshore.com. Reproduced by kind permission.

The publishers would like to thank the following for their kind permission to reproduce copyright material:

Alamy Images (Flight attendant demonstrating lifejacket/Jack Sullivan), (Cabin crew serving drinks), (Flight attendant conducting safety demo/David R. Frazier Photolibrary, Inc.), (Flight attendant/Blend Images), (Bunch of keys/Jaubert Images), (Gold chain/Art Directors & TRIP), (Watch/studiomode), (Mobile phone/Vadym Nechyporenko), (Digital camera/Judith Collins), (Teen girl side profile/mediablitzimages (uk) Limited), (Mature man/StockLite), (Woman with air freshener/Bubbles Photolibrary), (Woman with shampoo bottle/Pierre Bourrier), (Laundry detergent and dirty laundry/Radius Images), (View of the Earth from space/Oleksiy Maksymenko Photography), (Vienna Imperial Palace/Pictorial Press Ltd), (Cleaning toilet/Joe Belanger), (Casual male outside/Chris Rout), (Books/Louise Heusinkveld), (Broken washing machine/DCPhoto); Corbis (Woman walking toy dog/Virgo Productions), (Alpine chalet at night/John Norris), (Composer Alexander Prior/Thomas Peter/Reuters), (Window shopping/Norbert Schaefer), (Birmingham at night/IOB/Loop Images); Getty Images (Astrological wheel/Dorling Kindersley), (Aeroplane seats/Color Day Production/The Image Bank), (Thief stealing purse/John Rensten/Riser), (Teen girl with frizzy hair/Greg Ceo/Stone), (Hispanic-American teenager/Mark Harris/The Image Bank), (Robot walking a dog/Javier Pierini/Stone), (Protein bar assortment/David Prince/FoodPix), (Daredevil aerialist Philippe Petit/Bill Stahl Jr./NY Daily News); OUP (Duty free sign/Helios), (First aid kit/Stockdisc), (Handbag/Dennis Kitchen Studio, Inc), (Purse/Dennis Kitchen Studio, Inc), (High tech robotics assembly line/Photodisc), (Frozen ready meal/Dennis Kitchen Studio, Inc), (Drinks can/Mark Mason), (First aid kit/Stockdisc), (Smiling man/Imageshop), (MP3 player/Glowimages), (Male reading/Stockbyte), (Cycling/F1Online), (Couple with map/Image Source), (Student on campus/Blend Images); Photolibrary (Euro notes in wallet/Tetra Images), (Teen girl with short hair/Clover/Amanaimages), (Teen girl portrait/Inti St Clair/White), (Teen girl with nose ring/Image Source), (Colleagues in office/OJO Images), (Lunar vehicle/Stockbyte/White), (Dishes and sink/Image Source), (Sweets/Richard Gleed/Mode Images), (Handcuffed man in courtroom/OJO Images), (Tense BusinesswomanCorbis), (Children playing inside/Vincent Hazat/Photoalto); Rex Features (Dyson DC06 Robot Vacuum cleaner), (Surgeon using surgical robot/Burger/Phanie), (Cereal with milk/Monkey Business Images).

New Fast Class Online Workbook
The authors and publisher are grateful to those who have given permission to reproduce the following extracts and adaptations of copyright material:

Unit 1, Reading: Adapted from ‘Fast-moving world of the Matrix men’ by Will Lawrence, The Telegraph, 25 April 2008 © Telegraph Media Group Limited 2008. Reproduced by permission.
Unit 1, Use of English: Adapted from ‘If we deny children access to all computer games, we deprive them of a rich and magical experience’ by Naomi Alderman, The Guardian, 10 April 2008. Copyright Guardian News & Media Ltd 2008. Reproduced by permission.
Unit 2 Adapted from ‘Hasta La Vista, baby!’ by Zoe Ross, Brittany Ferries Voyage Magazine, published 2008. Reproduced by kind permission of Lily Publications Ltd.
Unit 3 Adapted from ‘The Wilderness Ranch’ by Minty Clinch. First published in the May 2008 issue of British Airways’ in-flight magazine, High Life. Reproduced by kind permission.
Unit 4 Extract from The Means of Escape by Penelope Fitzgerald. Reprinted by permission of HarperCollins Publishers Ltd © 2000, Penelope Fitzgerald.
Unit 5 Adapted from ‘The age of aquariums’ by Dana Facaros, Brittany Ferries Voyage Magazine, published 2008. Reproduced by kind permission of Lily Publications Ltd.
Unit 5 Adapted from ‘Electricity from under the sea’ by Paul Brown, The Guardian, 10 February 2003. Copyright Guardian News & Media Ltd 2003. Reproduced by permission.
Unit 6 Adapted extracts reprinted with permission of www.WhatKidsCanDo.org.
Unit 7 Adapted from 'Our man in Havana' by Roy Hattersley, written for Source magazine, greenbee.com. Reproduced by permission of the author.
Unit 8 From Rambling on the Road to Rome by Peter Francis Browne. Reproduced by permission of Peter Francis Browne.
Unit 10 Adapted from ‘How rag and bone man left grandson a 2,400 year-old Persian treasure’ by Maev Kennedy, The Guardian, 28 May 2008 and ‘Ancient gold cup goes to mystery buyer’ by Maev Kennedy, The Guardian, 6 June 2008. Copyright Guardian News & Media Ltd 2008. Reproduced by permission.

The publisher would like to thank the following for permission to reproduce photographs:

Alamy Images Unit 1 (Students taking exam/Andrew Fox), 2 (Woman with umbrella/Agencja FREE), 2 (School children in Yamal Peninsula/Maria Stenzel/National Geographic), 2 (Snowy road/Pete MacKenzie), 2 (Abacus/Andrew Paterson), 3 (Popcorn and drink/Johnny Greig LSL), 3 (Ski chair lift/WILDLIFE GmbH), 3 (Bear/Taylor Kennedy), 3 (Movie clapperboard/Design Pics Inc.), 4 (Smithsonian Natural History Museum/David Coleman), 5 (Squirrel monkey/Bazzano Photography), 7 (Tourists/Caro), 7 (Walking along coastal path/Keith Morris), 9 (Business discussion/Zefa RF), 10 (Traffic at night/James Osmond), 10 (Boy watching television/Chris Ryan); Alex Birtles unit 7 (Egypt); Bournemouth News unit 10 (Ancient gold cup/Daniel Rushall); Ellie Farr unit 10 (Pyrenees); Getty Images unit2 (Ducks/Sam @ The Digital Shoebox/Flickr), 2 (Art gallery/Luke Stettner/Photonica), 3 (House in Roussillon village/Jean Du Boisberranger), 3 (Raft on Colorado River rapids/Bill Hatcher/National Geographic), 3 (Men sleeping on bus/Peter Beavis/Taxi), 3 (Ranchers herding cattle/Cavan Images/Taxi), 3 (Trapeze artists/VCL/Spencer Rowell/Taxi), 6 (Fire in downtown Rio/Globo via Getty Images), 6 (Spectators watching tennis/AFP), 6 (Football fans/John Rensten/Taxi), 7 (Couple walking by lake/David Epperson/The Image Bank); Kathy Gude 8 (girl running in marathon); OUP unit2 (Waiter/BananaStock), 2 (Restaurant kitchen/Photodisc), 3 (Friends chatting/Tetra Images), 8 (Two girls reading magazine), 8 (Children with dog on beach/Stockdisc/White); Photolibrary unit1 (Picnic/John Carey/Fresh Food Images), 1 (Chinese New Year dinner/Blue Jean Images), 2 (La Sagrada Familia, Barcelona/DV/White), 2 (Girl receiving schoolwork/Blend Images), 2 (Businessman with coffee/Image Source), 4 (Starting line/White), 4 (Girl with cakes/Radius Images), 4 (Tourists/Image Source), 6 (girl with guitar/Image Source), 6 (Couple eating pasta/Luc Beziat/Cultura), 7 (couple with megaphone/Rubberball), 7 (Tourists visiting castle/Photodisc/White), 7 (peering through blinds/OJO Images), 8 (Businessman looking at sphere/Radius Images), 9 (girls birthday/White), 9 (Footballer/White), 9 (Family dinner/Corbis), 9 (Working/PhotoAlto), 10 (Man with bike and laptop/I Love Images); PunchStock p5 (Boys splashing in sea/Photographer's Choice).

Illustrations by:
Tim Marrs Unit 1, 2, 5, 9; Patrick Morgan Unit 4

IELTS Test B

The authors and publisher are grateful to those who have given permission to reproduce the following extracts and adaptations of copyright material:

Adapted extracts from “Cognitive Benefits of Learning Language”, Duke Gifted Newsletter ( http://tip.duke.edu/node/866), Vol. 8 (1), Fall 2007. Reproduced by permission of Duke University Talent Identification Program.

Source:
http://incredible-people.com

Although every effort has been made to trace and contact copyright holders before publication, this has not been possible in some cases. We apologize for any apparent infringement of copyright and if notified, the publisher will be pleased to rectify any errors or omissions at the earliest opportunity.

The publisher would like to thank the following for permission to reproduce photographs: Corbis (Swiss Psychologist Jean Piaget/Bettmann), (Girls using digital tablet together/Ariel Skelley/Blend Images); Shutterstock (Rook/Eric Isselee).

Illustrations by: Oxford Designers and Illustrators

IELTS Sample
OUP (Coral reef/Corel).

IELTS Test 1
Getty Images (Boy talking to baby/Natalie Kauffman), (Boat in water by iceberg, Greenland/Pete Turner), (Pumpkins/Panoramic Images).
Commissioned illustrations by Mark Duffin.
‘The One-Word Speaker’ from Psychology, Fourth edition by Henry Gleitman. Copyright © 1995, 1991, 1986, 1981 by W.W.Norton & Company, Inc. Used by permission of W.W.Norton & Company, Inc.
‘The Vertical Farm Essay II’ by Dickson Despommier ©2008 The Vertical Farm Project. Reproduced by kind permission of Dickson Despommier.
Extract from ‘Bees translate dances of foreign species’ by Ian Sample, 4 June 2008, from The Guardian. Copyright Guardian News & Media Ltd. 2008. Reproduced by permission.
Sources:
Driftnet fisheries and their impacts on non-target species: a worldwide review By Simon P. Northridge ( http://www.fao.org)
General Household Survey 2005 Statistical Release 1: Socio-demographic and economic characteristics ( http://www.singstat.gov.sg)

IELTS Test 1 self-study
‘Come fly with me’ by Jonathan Glancey, The Guardian, November 16, 2004. Copyright Guardian News and Media Limited 2004.
Extracts from the bbc.co.uk webpage Gladiators: Heroes of the Roman Amphitheatre. Reproduced by kind permission of BBC Information.
‘Humans with Altitude’, 2 November 2002. Reproduced by permission from New Scientist Magazine.
‘Living Online: This is your space’, 16 September 2006. Reproduced by permission from New Scientist Magazine.
Table from www.abs.gov.uk. © Australian Bureau of Statistics.

IELTS Test 2
OUP (Field of poppies/Photodisc); Photolibrary (School children working together in library/Howard Gray/Digital Vision), (Cod/Vicenzo Lombardo/Photodisc).
Commissioned illustrations by Mark Duffin.
‘Households expenditure over the years’, from The Guardian, 15 June 2008. Copyright Guardian News & Media Ltd. 2008. Reproduced by permission.
Sources:
The Guided Construction of Knowledge – Talk amongst Teachers and Learners By Neil Mercer ( http://www.multilingual-matters.com)
Extreme Weather By H. M. Mogil ( http://www.newhollandpublishers.com)
Where our money goes ( http://image.guardian.co.uk/sys-files/Guardian/documents/2008/07/08/money15.pdf)

IELTS Test 3
The authors and publisher are grateful to those who have given permission to reproduce the following extracts and adaptations of copyright material:

P00 Adapted extract from ‘Cuba: National Policy for Sustainable Agriculture’ by Rosset and Murphy, from http://www.essex.ac.uk. Reproduced by permission of University of Essex.
P00 Extract from Farewell to the East End: The Last Days of the East End Midwives, Jennifer Worth, 2009. First published in the UK by Weidenfeld & Nicolson. Reproduced by permission of Merton Books and The Orion Publishing Group, London
P00 Extract from 'Dickens and theater' by John Glavin, in John O. Jordan (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to Charles Dickens, 2001. Reproduced by permission of Cambridge University Press.
P00 Extract from‘When Using Gestures, Rules of Grammar Remain the Same’, from http://www.sciencedaily.com,7 July 2008. Reproduced by permission of University of Chicago.

Sources:
P00 http://machinedesign.com, published in Machine Design, 22 November 2008.

IELTS Test 4
The authors and publisher are grateful to those who have given permission to reproduce the following extracts and adaptations of copyright material:

P00 Extract from The Mammoth Book of Great Inventions by J. Dyson and R. Uhlig, 2004 © Telegraph Media Group Limited. Reproduced by permission.
P00 Extract from Psychology: The Science of Mind and Behaviour Thirs Edition by Richard Gross, Copyright © 1996 Richard Gross. Reproduced by Permission of Hodder Education.
P00 Abridged and adapted from ‘Birds in a Changing Climate’ by Sarah Eglington in Bird Table, Issue 66 (Summer 2011) with permission from the British Trust for Ornithology.
P00 Extract from http://www.townoftruckee.com. © Copyright 2009 Town of Truckee. Reproduced by permission.
P00 Extract from ‘Bacteria Beam Cuts Factory-Borne Food Poisoning’, (2005) from www.sciencedaily.com. Reproduced by permission of University of Manchester.
P00 Extract from ‘Scottish Exports to the Rest of the UK’, The Observer, 29 May 2011 © Copyright Guardian News & Media Ltd 2011. Reproduced by permission.

IELTS Test 2 self-study
‘Birdsong albums fly off the shelves’ by Vanessa Thorp, The Observer, March 28, 2004. Copyright Guardian News and Media Limited 2004.
‘When a Calendar Finally Settles Down’, 23 December 2006. Reproduced by permission from New Scientist Magazine.
‘Extreme Organisms’, 20 March 2002. Reproduced by permission from New Scientist Magazine.
‘Medical Humour’ by Clare Hughes, pp308-309 Volume/Issue 11. Student BMJ, September 2003. Reproduced with permission from BMJ Publishing Group.
Bar Graph from Office for National Statistics. Crown Copyright 2007. Reproduced under terms of the licence.

IELTS Test 3 self-study
‘Mastering the race’ by Henry Gee, The Guardian, November 18, 2004. Copyright Guardian News and Media Limited 2004.
‘Flying without wings’. Reproduced by permission from Telegraph Media Group Limited.
‘Better by Design’, 4 January 2007. Reproduced by permission from New Scientist Magazine.
‘Nice talking to you’, 9 February 2007. Reproduced by permission from New Scientist Magazine.

KET Sample
Alamy Images (Boy with a bike droving cows/Caro).

KET Test 1
Getty Images (house/Owain Kirby/Illustration Works); PunchStock (musical notation/Dorling Kindersley RF); Science Photo Library (Napoleon wrasse and diver/Matthew Oldfield), (Common dolphins/Christopher Swann).
Commissioned illustrations by David Eaton.

KET Test 1 self-study
Getty Images (Tokyo Game Show 2008/Junko Kimura), (rice/Michael Rosenfeld/Photographer's Choice), (train/Stock Illustration); PunchStock (skateboarding/Photodisc).
Commissioned illustrations by David Eaton.

KET Test 2
Alamy Images (Teenage girl playing drums/Eddie Linssen), (Italian ice-cream/Lourens Smak), Getty Images (camping/Stock Illustration); PunchStock (swimming/Photodisc).
Commissioned illustrations by David Eaton.

KET Test 2 self-study
Corbis (Indian Miniature Painting/Frédéric Soltan/Sygma); Getty Images (red panda/Joerg Koch/AFP).
Commissioned illustrations by David Eaton.

KET Test A
Getty Images (Andes/Gordon Wiltsie/National Geographic), (Art Wolfe/Lifesize), (computer/Stock Illustration), (tennis illustration/Darryl Shelton/Illustration Works).
Commissioned illustrations by David Eaton.

KET Test 3
Alamy Images (Chimpanzees/Martin Harvey), (Great white shark/Michael Patrick O'Neill).

KET Test 4
Alamy Images (Pen and notebook/Salvo Massara), (Violinist/Olaf Doering).

Key for Schools Online Practice Skills
Alamy Images (birthday party/Blend Images), (The Haines Shoe House/George Sheldon), (Planet Hollywood/AlamyCelebrity), (fruit & veg/Science Photo Library), (college/VIEW Pictures Ltd), (Liverpool/Travel Pictures), (Penguin Beach, London Zoo/Monica Wells); Corbis (Imperial Circus/Sergio Moraes.Reuters), (concert/Michael Weintrob/Retna Ltd.), (yoga/Image Source); Getty Images (Mary Rose conservation/RDImages/Epics), (London Zoo/Graham Stewart/Photoshot), (two girls/Radius Images), (two boys/Tim Platt), (three teenagers/Photodisc), (art deco district, South Beach Miami/VisionsofAmerica/Joe Sohm/Digital Vision), (flexible mobile prototype/Yoshikazu Tsuno/AFP), (family breakfast/Digital Vision), (mechanic/Hybrid Images), (waiting room/Wavebreakmedia Ltd); OUP (girl reading/Onoky), (thunderstorm/Photodisc), (boy with laptop/Image Source); SuperStock p (school library/Somos).

Matura pis., poziom podst. 1 (Poland)
OUP 1 (camping/fStop), 2 (girl with cat/Brand X Pictures), 3 (woman jogging/Digital Vision), 4 (sign/Photodisc), 5 (St. Bernard/Corbis/Digital Stock), 6 (rat/Photodisc), 7 (scientist/Photodisc).
Commissioned illustrations by Mark Duffin
Extract from Oxford Bookworms Library 3: Tales of Mystery and Imagination by Edgar Allan Poe © Oxford University Press 2008. Reproduced by permission.
Extract entitled ‘James Stuart Miranda Barry’ from Oxford Companion to Military History by Holmes, R © Oxford University Press 2001. Reproduced by permission.
Extracts from ‘Sonny Jo White, Boston DJ’. Reprinted with permission of TeenInk Magazine and TeenInk.com.

Matura pis., poziom podst. A (Poland)
OUP 1 (hospital/Blend Images), 2 (girls/Johner Images), 3 (businesswoman/Corbis/Digital Stock), 4 (sports coach/BananaStock).
Extract from Oxford Bookworms 6 American Crime Stories retold by John Escott © Oxford University Press 2008, from the original Patricia Highsmith Der Schneckenforscher. Aus dem Amerikanischen von Melanie Walz. Copyright © 2003 Diogenes Verlag AG Zürich. Reproduced by permission.

Matura pis., poziom podst. B (Poland)
OUP 1 (Girls shopping), 2 (White water rafting/Richard Smith), 3 (Artist/Blend Images), 4 (Snorkeler with fish/Photodisc).
Commissioned illustrations by Mark Duffin
‘How to Keep That Holiday High’ by Zoe Seymour SHE, September 2002. Courtesy of SHE Magazine © The National Magazine Company. Reprinted by permission of The National Magazine Company.
Kangaroo to the Rescue’ from Current, Issue 5, May 2004 © Mary Glasgow Magazines/Scholastic
Information from ‘France pays to boost birth rate’ Reuters, September 23, 2005. Copyright 2006 Reuters. Reprinted with permission from Reuters. Reuters content is the intellectual property of Reuters or its third party content providers. Any copying, republication or redistribution of Reuters content is expressly prohibited without the prior written consent of Reuters. Reuters shall not be liable for any errors or delays in content, or for any actions taken in reliance thereon.
Reuters and the Reuters Sphere Logo are registered trademarks of the Reuters group of companies around the world. For additional information about Reuters content and services, please visit Reuters website at www.reuters.comLicense REU-GC7882.

Matura pis., poziom podst. Fragment A (Poland)
Extract from ‘Oxford Bookworms Factfiles 4: Disaster!’ by Mary McIntosh © Oxford University Press 1999. Reprinted by permission
Extract from ‘Britain’ by James O’Driscoll © Oxford University Press 1995. Reprinted by permission.

Matura pis., poziom podst. Pr?bka (Poland)
Extract from ‘Oxford Bookworms Library 5: Wuthering Heights’ by Emily Bronte © Oxford University Press 2000. Reprinted by permission.

Matura pis., poziom rozszerz. 1 (Poland)
OUP 1 (camping/fStop), 2 (girl with cat/Brand X Pictures), 3 (woman jogging/Digital Vision), 4 (sign/Photodisc), 5 (St. Bernard/Corbis/Digital Stock), 6 (rat/Photodisc), 7 (scientist/Photodisc).
Commissioned illustrations by Mark Duffin
Adapted extract from The Star by E. L. Claes. Reproduced by kind permission of the author.
Extract from ‘Dogs can ‘read emotion’ in faces’, 31 October 2008, Press Association. Reproduced by permission.
Extract from ‘Being Beastly’ by Dave Hill, 30 October 2008, from www.guardian.co.uk. Copyright Guardian News & Media Ltd 2008. Reproduced by permission.
Extract from ‘Should we do a houseswap?’, 10 February 2006, from www.guardian.co.uk. Copyright Guardian News & Media Ltd 2006. Reproduced by permission.
Abridged extract from ‘Interview With Zeb Hogan, Aquatic Ecologist and National Geographic Emerging Explorer’, 8 July 2008, from www.nationalgeographic.com. Reproduced by kind permission of Zeb Hogan.
Sources:
www.wikipedia.com

Matura pis., poziom rozszerz. A (Poland)
OUP 1 (hospital/Blend Images), 2 (girls/Johner Images), 3 (businesswoman/Corbis/Digital Stock), 4 (sports coach/BananaStock).

Matura pis., poziom rozszerz. B (Poland)
OUP 1 (Girls shopping), 2 (White water rafting/Richard Smith), 3 (Artist/Blend Images), 4 (Snorkeler with fish/Photodisc).
Commissioned illustrations by Mark Duffin
‘My life has been recycled’ by Andrew Neather, first published in the Evening Standard, 10th May 2005. Reprinted by permission of Solo Syndication.
‘Tornado wreaks havoc in Birmingham’ by James Fielding, adapted by Martin Wainwright, The Guardian Weekly August 5-11, 2005. Copyright James Fielding. Reprinted by permission of Guardian News and Media 2008.
‘Video Games Find a Place in Academia’ by Seth Schiesel from The New York Times December 3, 2005 © 2005 The New York Times. www.nytimes.com All Rights Reserved. Used by permission and protected by the Copyright Laws of the United States. The printing, copying, redistribution, or retransmission of the Material without express written permission is prohibited.
‘The New Kids’ Museums’ by Jeremy Caplin, www.timeforkids.com, February 13, 2004. © 2004 TIME for Kids. Reprinted by permission.
‘The Vanishing Flowers of Britain’ by Michael McCarthy. First published in The Independent, 9 May 2005 © Independent News & Media. Reprinted by permission.

Oxford Online Placement Test
The publisher would like to thank the following for permission to reproduce photographs: 123RF, OUP (Alamy, Corbis, Fotolia, Getty Images, PhotoAlto, Photolibrary Group, Thinkstock), Shutterstock.

Although every effort has been made to trace and contact copyright holders before publication, this has not been possible in some cases. We apologize for any apparent infringement of copyright and if notified, the publisher will be pleased to rectify any errors or omissions at the earliest opportunity.

PET Test 1
Corbis (Teen using MP3 player in coffee shop/Jim Craigmyle); Getty Images (River Liffey, County Wicklow, Republic of Ireland/IIC/Axiom); Photolibrary (dancing/Image100); PunchStock (Guitarist/Image Source).
Commissioned illustrations by David Eaton.

PET Test 1 self-study
Alamy Images (Snowdonia/Sean Burke), (water park/Robert Fried); Corbis (elephant/Buddy Mays); PunchStock (performer/Digital Vision).
Commissioned illustrations by David Eaton.

PET Test 2
Alamy Images (Christmas shopping, Oxford Street, London/Peter Scholey); Getty Images (The Great Wall, China/OTHK); (Woman running from starting block on track/Tara Moore); OUP (Lustleigh, Devon/Corel).
Commissioned illustrations by David Eaton.

PET Test 2 self-study
Alamy Images (Andalusia/David Askham), (desert/Alex Griffiths), (teens eating/Bubbles Photolibrary); OUP (waiter/Photodisc).
Commissioned illustrations by David Eaton.

PET Test 3
Alamy Images RP3_01 (Dance class/PhotoAlto), SP3_01 (Beach football/Bleyer/FRIEDRICHSMEIER ARCHIVE), RP4_01 (Tourists at Colosseum in Rome/Dennis Cox); OUP SP3_02 (Couple with map/Image Source).

PET Test 3 self-study
Alamy Images (Congress Centre/CuboImages srl), (photographer/Ron Chale Stock), (St. Tropez/Peter Horree); Getty Images (family/Peter Correz/Stone).
Commissioned illustrations by David Eaton.

PET Test 4
Alamy Images RP3_01 (climber/Jason Friend), SP3_02 (market/Alistair Laming); OUP SP3_01 (shopping/Digital Vision), RP4_01 (hurricane/Stockbyte).

PET Test A
Corbis (The Birmingham Royal Ballet/Robbie Jack); OUP (Edinburgh/Photodisc), (friends/Gareth Boden); PunchStock (school prom/Polka Dot Images).
Commissioned illustrations by David Eaton.

PET Test B
Getty Images (The Amphitheatre, Kwazulu-Natal/John Lamb/Stone), Photolibrary (feeding giraffes/Purestock), (girl studying/Blend), (students/Somos).
Commissioned illustrations by David Eaton.

PET for Schools Test C
Getty Images ST1 (bowling/Tony Garcia/Workbook Stock), ST2 (prom friends/Gary John Norman/Taxi).

Proficiency Masterclass Online Skills and Language Practice
The authors and publisher are grateful to those who have given permission to reproduce the following extracts and adaptations of copyright material:

p1 Extract from ‘Let there be darkness’ by Janet Blair, The Observer, 21 June 1991. Copyright Guardian News & Media Ltd 1991. Reproduced by permission.
p3 Extract from ‘Don’t dismiss dishonesty’ by A.C. Grayling, The Times, September 8, 2009. Reproduced by permission of NI Syndication.
p4 Extract from ‘Lake fear: Order of the boot for Hannibal the piscine cannibal’ by Paul Brown, The Guardian, February 20, 2001. Copyright Guardian News & Media Ltd 2001. Reproduced by permission.
p5 Extract from THE TOTAL PACKAGE by Thomas Hine. Copyright © 1995 by Thomas Hine. Published by Little, Brown and Company. Reproduced by permission of The Karpfinger Agency.
p7 Extract from ‘Horses for courses’ by Simon Brook, Livewire Magazine, June/July 2001. Reproduced by permission.
p8 Extract from ‘A doctor writes: suspension of belief’ by Dr John Collee, The Observer Magazine, 3 March 1991. Copyright Guardian News & Media Ltd 1991. Reproduced by permission.
p00 Extract from ‘I feel, therefore I am’ by Tim Radford, The Guardian, January 20, 2000. Copyright Guardian News & Media Ltd 2000. Reproduced by permission.
p00 Extract from the Financial Times. 8 September 2001. ‘Take a High Tea When You Hit the High Sea’ by Bill Glenton. The Financial Times Limited 2001 ©. All Rights Reserved.
p00 Extract from ‘What language barrier?’ by Deborah Cameron, The Guardian, 1 October 2007. Copyright Guardian News & Media Ltd 2007. Reproduced by permission.
p00 Extract from TRAUMNOVELLE by Arthur Schnitzler, in the English language translation entitled DREAM STORY by J.M.Q. Davies as published by Penguin Books. Translation copyright © J.M.Q. Davies, 1999. Reproduced by permission.
p00 Extract from ‘Terror in the heartland’ by Jonathan Raban, The Guardian Weekend, October 5, 1996. © Jonathan Raban, 1996. Reproduced by permission.
p00 Extract from ‘Exclusive city breaks with GNER’, Livewire Magazine, December 2000/ January 2001. Reproduced by permission.
p00 Extract from ‘Lost Treasure of Sumatra’ by Chris Hulme, Financial Times, 28 October 2000. Reproduced by kind permission of Chris Hulme.
p00 Extract from THE OXFORD COMPANION TO ENGLISH LITERATURE edited by Margaret Drabble (2005) 840 words from p. 1087 (abridged and adapted). © Oxford University Press 2005. Reprinted by permission of Oxford University Press.
p00 Extract from Turner’s Oxford, The Ashmolean Museum. © Ashmolean Museum, University of Oxford. Reproduced by permission.
p00 Extract from ‘It’s payback time’ by Linda Jackson and Raekha Jackson, The Guardian, 12 January 2001. Copyright Guardian News & Media Ltd 2001. Reproduced by permission.
p00 Extract from ‘A toil for soil’ by Daphne Lambert, The Guardian, 7 July 2001. Copyright Guardian News & Media Ltd 2001. Reproduced by permission.
p00 Extract from Dani Alves: ‘At Barcelona we are taking football back to it’s origins’ by Sid Lowe, The Guardian, 16 April 2012. Copyright Guardian News & Media Ltd 2012. Reproduced by permission.
p00 Extract from ‘What’s the truth about fracking?’ by Patrick Barkham, The Guardian, 17 April 2012. Copyright Guardian News & Media Ltd 2012. Reproduced by permission.
p00 Extract from ‘Barry McGuigan: my Saturday job’ by Mark King, The Guardian, 4 February 2012. Copyright Guardian News & Media Ltd 2012. Reproduced by permission.
p00 Extract from ‘Wayne Hermingway: my Saturday job’ by Mark King, The Guardian, 21 January 2012. Copyright Guardian News & Media Ltd 2012. Reproduced by permission.
p00 Extract from ‘Annabel Karmel: my Saturday job’ as told to Angela Foster, The Guardian, 17 September 2011. Copyright Guardian News & Media Ltd 2011. Reproduced by permission.
p00 Extract from ‘David ‘Kid’ Jensen: my Saturday job’ as told to Mark King, The Guardian, 10 December 2011. Copyright Guardian News & Media Ltd 2011. Reproduced by permission.
p00 Extract from ‘Charley Boorman: my Saturday job’ as told to Angela Foster, The Guardian, 6 January 2012. Copyright Guardian News & Media Ltd 2012. Reproduced by permission.
p00 Extract from ‘How I remember: The pianist’ by Leo Benedictus, The Guardian, 14 January 2012. Copyright Guardian News & Media Ltd 2012. Reproduced by permission.
p00 Extract from ‘How I remember: The taxi driver’ by Leo Benedictus, The Guardian, 14 January 2012. Copyright Guardian News & Media Ltd 2012. Reproduced by permission.
p00 Extract from ‘How I remember: The actor’ by Leo Benedictus, The Guardian, 14 January 2012. Copyright Guardian News & Media Ltd 2012. Reproduced by permission.
p00 Extract from ‘How I remember: The bridge player’ by Leo Benedictus, The Guardian, 14 January 2012. Copyright Guardian News & Media Ltd 2012. Reproduced by permission.
p00 Extract from Roma: Ricostruzione virtuale di luoghi e monumenti pp4. © Mondadori Electa S.p.A., Milano. Reproduced by permission.
p00 Extract from One Day by David Nicholls, copyright (c) David Nicholls 2009,
reproduced by permission of Hodder and Stoughton Limited.
p00 Extract from Amsterdam by Ian McEwan. Copyright © Ian McEwan 1998. Published by Jonathan Cape. Reprinted by permission of The Random House Group Limited, and the author c/o Rogers, Coleridge & White Ltd., 20 Powis Mews, London W11 1JN.
p00 Extract from ‘The checkout girl: abused, ignored and on a till near you’ by Adam Sage, The Times, 6 March 2009. Reproduced by permission.
p00 Extract from ‘Collapse of the American Dream’ by Rhys Blakely, The Times, 18 June 2011. Reproduced by permission.
p00 Extract from The Pleasures and Sorrows of Work by Alain de Botton. © Alain de Botton by permission of United Agents Ltd. (www.unitedagents.co.uk) on behalf of the author.
p00 Extract from ‘Mind Games’ by Bill Beswick, The Red Bulletin. Reproduced by permission.
p00 Extract from ‘Winning Formula: Turning Circles’, The Red Bulletin. Reproduced by permission.
p00 TERRORISM: A VERY SHORT INTRODUCTION by Charles Townsend (2002) pp. 1-9. By permission of Oxford University Press.

Sources:
p2 www.homeoffice.gov.uk
p00 www.guardian.co.uk

Slovak Maturita (B1) Test A
OUP 5.1 (underground/Dominic Harrison), 5.1 (driving/Digital Vision).

Slovak Maturita (B1) Test 1
OUP sect5.1_01 (beach/Photodisc), sect5.1_02 (walking/Image Source).

Slovak Maturita (B2) Test A
Alamy Images 5.1 (People shopping/Pitu Cau); OUP 5.1 (Friends playing football/AFLO RF).

Slovak Maturita (B2) Test 1
OUP sect5.101 (man shopping/UpperCut), sect5.102 (shopping online/BananaStock).

TOEFL (all tests)
Adaptation of the TOEFL iBT Test Directions, copyright © 2005. Used by permission of Educational Testing Service, the copyright owner. No endorsement of this publication and/or website by ETS should be inferred.

TOEFL Test A
OUP W1.1 (male professor/Photodisc), S6.1 (young female teacher/Blend Images), L6.1 (teacher writing/Fancy); Photolibrary L1.1 (Professor & student/Purestock), L2.1 (teacher/Rubberball), L3.1 (female teacher/Blend Images RF), S3.1 (young students/Dex Image), L4.1 (Doctor & girl/Blend Images RF), S4.1 (teacher in class/Radius Images), L5.1 (lecturer/White), S5.1 (students/BananaStock).
Commissioned illustrations by Joanna Kerr.

TOEFL Test 1
Alamy Images (tree/Jason Brindel Landscapes); OUP (log/Photodisc).

TOEFL Test 1 Self Study
Alamy Images L6_04 (remote control/David J. Green); PunchStock L6_02 (doorknob/Image Source).

TOEFL Test 2
Alamy Images L3_03 (canal lock/Garry DeLong).

TOEFL Test 2 Self Study
Alamy Images L5_02 (map & compass/John Penezic), L5_03 (map/Art of Nature); OUP (human skeleton/Ingram Image Library)

TOEIC Online Skills Practice
Alamy Images (Business people talking/OJO Images Ltd), (Business people in office/OJO Images Ltd), (Pizza chef/Tetra Images), (Smiling business people/Barry Diomede), (Business people talking/moodboard), (Job interview/Kzenon), (Airport terminal/Travel Pictures); Corbis (Flags/Dieter Leistner/Galeries), (Woman using laptop/David A Land/Blend Images), (Forensic scientist/Andrew Brookes), (Meeting/Noel Hendrickson), (US currency/Amanda Hall/Robert Harding World Imagery), (Cul-de-sac/Scott Barrow), (Fisherman/Will & Deni McIntyre), (Optician with patient/Michael Keller), (Clothes store owner/Helen King), (Boat on beach/David Henderson), (Business meeting/Artiga Photo), (Travelling by train/Zero Creatives/Cultura), (Construction worker/Moodboard), (Security guard/Ocean), (Bikes/Helen King), (Man on scooter/Norman Jung), (Man making bed/Pauline St. Denis), (Couple preparing meal/Tabor Gus), (Woman at art gallery/Sean Justice), (Cafe interior/Magomed Magomedagaev/Spaces Images); Getty Images (Aircraft cabin/Stewart Cohen), (Music festival/Ben Statham/Redferns), OUP (Eurostar/Martin Anderson), (Skiing/Photodisc), (Gym/Fuse), (Shaking hands/Asia Images RF), (Artist painting/Photodisc), (Office workers talking/Gareth Boden), (Woman eating lunch at desk/Digital Vision), (Office cleaner/Photographer's Choice), (Man watering plants/Photodisc), (Businesswoman/Design Pics), (Businesswomen talking/Moodboard), (Electrician/Somos), (Train station/Gareth Boden), (Snowstorm/Ellen McKnight), (Woman on escalator/Corbis), (Plane passengers/Image Source), (Car with caravan/Justin Kase), (Bookshop/Digital Vision), (Couple at train station/Digital Vision), (Businesswoman with confidential files/Photodisc), (Rowing boats on river/Photodisc), (Woman at lectern/Moodboard), (Businessman exiting taxi/Purestock), (Hiking/Image Source), (Brushing teeth/Purestock), (Loading removal van/Image Source), (Bulldozer/Ilene McDonald), (Car production line/Cultura), (Hotel room/Digital Vision).

TOEIC is a registered trademark of Educational Testing Service (ETS). This publication is not endorsed or approved by ETS.

The TOEIC® test total package are reprinted by permission of Educational Testing Service, the copyright owner. However, any other testing information is provided in its entirety by Oxford University Press. No endorsement of this publication by Educational Testing Service should be inferred.

TOEIC (all tests)
Adaptation of the TOEIC Test Directions, copyright © 2006. Used by permission of Educational Testing Service, the copyright owner. No endorsement of this publication and/or website by ETS should be inferred.

TOEIC Test A
OUP 1 (man writing/Image Source), 2 (meeting/PhotoAlto), 3 (maid/Corbis), 4 (Cornwall/Corel), 5 (Bulgaria/Photodisc), 6 (student/Image Source), 7 (meeting/Photodisc), 8 (country road/Photodisc), 9 (kitchen/Aardvark), 10 (library/Photodisc).

TOEIC Test 1 Self Study
OUP 1 (Newquay/Corel), 2 (street/Photodisc), 3 (meeting/Photodisc), 4 (forklift truck/image100), 5 (classroom/Photodisc), 6 (houses/Chris King), 7 (office worker/Steve Betts), 8 (barbeque/image100), 9 (airplane/Image Source), 10 (watching tv/Chris King).

TOEIC Test 1
OUP 1 (train station/Stockbyte), 2 (businessman/Photodisc), 3 (train/Corel), 4 (supermarket/Chris King), 5 (man/Stockbyte), 6 (mother and daughter/Photodisc), 7 (street/Photodisc), 8 (family/Photodisc), 9 (two men/Photodisc), 10 (hiker/Melba Photo Agency).

TOEIC Test 2 Self Study
OUP 1 (businessman/Gareth Boden), 2 (road/Photodisc), 3 (building/Phtotdisc), 4 (ship/Photodisc), 5 (shopping/Photodisc), 6 (timber/Photodisc), 7 (garden/Photodisc), 8 (interview/Stock byte/George Doyle), 9 (canal/Image Source), 10 (lunch/Stockbyte).

TOEIC Test 2
OUP 1 (mechanic/Valueline), 2 (studio/Gareth Boden), 3 (meeting/Photodisc), 4 (businessman/Digital Vision/Tony Hopewell), 5 (shopping/Digital Vision/Bruce Laurance), 6 (villas/Photodisc), 7 (post office/Gareth Boden), 8 (woman in car/image 100), 9 (airport/Photodisc), 10 (man on phone/Stockbyte).

Your Turn 8 Online Practice
The publisher would like to thank the following for permission to reproduce photographs: Alamy Images (The Haines Shoe House/George Sheldon), (Planet Hollywood/AlamyCelebrity), (fruit & veg/Science Photo Library), (Penguin Beach, London Zoo/Monica Wells); Corbis (concert/Michael Weintrob/Retna Ltd.); Getty Images (Mary Rose conservation/RDImages/Epics), (London Zoo/Graham Stewart/Photoshot), (three teenagers/Photodisc).

Although every effort has been made to trace and contact copyright holders before publication, this has not been possible in some cases. We apologize for any apparent infringement of copyright and if notified, the publisher will be pleased to rectify any errors or omissions at the earliest opportunity.